Internet-Draft MPLS Static LSPs YANG Data Model March 2024
Saad, et al. Expires 2 September 2024 [Page]
MPLS Working Group
Intended Status:
Standards Track
T. Saad
Cisco Systems Inc
R. Gandhi
Cisco Systems, Inc.
X. Liu
Volta Networks
V. P. Beeram
Juniper Networks
I. Bryskin

A YANG Data Model for MPLS Static LSPs


This document contains the specification for the MPLS Static Label Switched Paths (LSPs) YANG model. The model allows for the provisioning of static LSP(s) on Label Edge Router(s) LER(s) and Label Switched Router(s) LSR(s) devices along a LSP path without the dependency on any signaling protocol. The MPLS Static LSP model augments the MPLS base YANG model with specific data to configure and manage MPLS Static LSP(s).

Status of This Memo

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This Internet-Draft will expire on 2 September 2024.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

This document describes a YANG [RFC7950] data model for configuring and managing the Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) [RFC3031] Static LSPs. The model allows the configuration of LER and LSR devices with the necessary MPLS cross-connects or bindings to realize an end-to-end LSP service.

A static LSP is established by manually specifying incoming and outgoing MPLS label(s) and necessary forwarding information on each of the traversed LER and LSR devices (ingress, transit, or egress nodes) of the forwarding path.

For example, on an ingress LER device, the model is used to associate a specific Forwarding Equivalence Class (FEC) of packets-- e.g. matching a specific IP prefix in a Virtual Routing or Forwarding (VRF) instance-- to an MPLS outgoing label imposition, next-hop(s) and respective outgoing interface(s) to forward the packet. On an LSR device, the model is used to create a binding that swaps the incoming label with an outgoing label and forwards the packet on one or multiple egress path(s). On an egress LER, it is used to create a binding that decapsulates the incoming MPLS label and performs forwarding based on the inner MPLS label (if present) or IP forwarding in the packet.

The MPLS Static LSP YANG model is contained in the module "ietf-mpls-static" and covers the basic features for the configuration and management of unidirectional MPLS Static LSP(s),

The module "ietf-mpls-static" augments the MPLS Base YANG model defined in module "ietf-mpls" in [RFC8960].

1.1. Terminology

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all capitals, as shown here.

The terminology for describing YANG data models is found in [RFC7950].

1.2. Acronyms and Abbreviations

  • MPLS: Multiprotocol Label Switching

  • LSP: Label Switched Path

  • LSR: Label Switching Router

  • LER: Label Edge Router

  • FEC: Forwarding Equivalence Class

  • NHLFE: Next Hop Label Forwarding Entry

  • ILM: Incoming Label Map

2. MPLS Static LSP Model

2.1. Model Organization

The base MPLS Static LSP model covers the core features with the minimal set of configuration parameters needed to manage and operate MPLS Static LSPs.

  Routing module   +---------------+    v: import
                   | ietf-routing  |    o: augment
  MPLS base        +-----------+    v: import
  module           | ietf-mpls |    o: augment
  MPLS Static | ietf-mpls-static |
  LSP module  +------------------+

Figure 1: Relationship between MPLS modules

2.2. Model Tree Diagram

The MPLS Static tree diagram as per [RFC8340] is shown in Figure 2.

module: ietf-mpls-static

  augment /rt:routing/mpls:mpls:
    +--rw static-lsps
       +--rw static-lsp* [name]
          +--rw name           string
          +--rw operation?     mpls:mpls-operations-type
          +--rw in-segment
          |  +--rw fec
          |     +--rw (type)?
          |     |  +--:(ip-prefix)
          |     |  |  +--rw ip-prefix?        inet:ip-prefix
          |     |  +--:(mpls-label)
          |     |     +--rw incoming-label?   rt-types:mpls-label
          |     +--rw incoming-interface?     if:interface-ref
          +--rw out-segment
             +--rw (out-segment)?
                |  +--rw nhlfe-single
                |     +--rw mpls-label-stack
                |     |  +--rw entry* [id]
                |     |     +--rw id               uint8
                |     |     +--rw label?
                |     |     |       rt-types:mpls-label
                |     |     +--rw ttl?             uint8
                |     |     +--rw traffic-class?   uint8
                |     +--rw outgoing-interface?   if:interface-ref
                   +--rw nhlfe-multiple
                      +--rw nhlfe* [index]
                         +--rw index                 string
                         +--rw backup-index?         string
                         +--rw loadshare?            uint16
                         +--rw role?                 nhlfe-role
                         +--rw mpls-label-stack
                         |  +--rw entry* [id]
                         |     +--rw id               uint8
                         |     +--rw label?
                         |     |       rt-types:mpls-label
                         |     +--rw ttl?             uint8
                         |     +--rw traffic-class?   uint8
                         +--rw outgoing-interface?   if:interface-ref
Figure 2: MPLS Static LSP tree diagram

2.3. Model Overview

This document describes a YANG data model for the configuration and management of MPLS Static LSP(s) contained in a the YANG module 'ietf-mpls-static'.

The 'ietf-mpls-static' module contains the following high-level types and groupings:


  • A YANG reference type for a static LSP that can be used by data models to reference a configured static LSP.


  • A YANG grouping that describes parameters of an incoming class of FEC associated with a specific LSP as described in the MPLS architecture document [RFC3031]. The model allows the following types of traffic to be mapped onto the static LSP on an ingress LER:

    o Unlabeled traffic destined to a specific prefix
    o Labeled traffic arriving with a specific label


  • A YANG grouping that describes parameters for the forwarding path(s) and their associated attributes for an LSP. The model allows for the following cases:

    o single forwarding path or NHLFE
    o multiple forwarding path(s) or NHLFE(s), each of which can
      serve a primary, backup or both role(s).

2.4. Model YANG Module(s)

Configuring LSPs through an LSR/LER involves the following steps:

  • Enabling MPLS on MPLS capable interfaces.

  • Configuring in-segments and out-segments on LER(s) and LSR(s) traversed by the LSP.

  • Setting up the cross-connect per LSP to associate segments and/or to indicate connection origination and termination.

  • Optionally specifying label stack actions.

  • Optionally specifying segment traffic parameters.

The objects covered by this model are derived from the Incoming Label Map (ILM) and Next Hop Label Forwarding Entry (NHLFE) as specified in the MPLS architecture document [RFC3031].

The ietf-mpls-static module imports the followinig modules:

The ietf-mpls-static module is shown below:

<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-mpls-static@2024-03-01.yang"

module ietf-mpls-static {
  yang-version 1.1;
  namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-mpls-static";
  prefix "mpls-static";

  import ietf-mpls {
    prefix "mpls";
    reference "RFC8960: MPLS Base YANG Data Model";

  import ietf-routing {
    prefix "rt";
    reference "RFC8349: A YANG Data Model for Routing Management";

  import ietf-routing-types {
    prefix "rt-types";
    reference "RFC8294: Common YANG Data Types for the Routing Area";

  import ietf-inet-types {
    prefix inet;
    reference "RFC6991: Common YANG Data Types";

  import ietf-interfaces {
    prefix "if";
    reference "RFC7223: A YANG Data Model for Interface Management";

  organization "IETF MPLS Working Group";

    "WG Web:   <>

     WG List:  <>

     Editor:   Tarek Saad

     Editor:   Rakesh Gandhi

     Editor:   Xufeng Liu

     Editor:   Vishnu Pavan Beeram

     Editor:   Igor Bryskin

     "This YANG module augments the 'ietf-routing' module with basic
      configuration and operational state data for MPLS static
      The model fully conforms to the Network Management Datastore
      Architecture (NMDA).

      Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons
      identified as authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

      Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
      without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
      to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
      set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
      Relating to IETF Documents
      This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see
      the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

  // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with actual RFC number and remove this
  // note.

  // RFC Ed.: update the date below with the date of RFC publication
  // and remove this note.

  revision "2024-03-01" {
      "Latest revision of MPLS Static LSP YANG module";
    reference "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for MPLS Static LSPs";

  typedef static-lsp-ref {
    type leafref {
      path "/rt:routing/mpls:mpls/mpls-static:static-lsps/" +
      "This type is used by data models that need to reference
       configured static LSP.";

  grouping in-segment {
    description "In-segment grouping";
    container in-segment {
      description "MPLS incoming segment";
      container fec {
        description "Forwarding Equivalence Class grouping";
        choice type {
          description "FEC type choices";
          case ip-prefix {
            leaf ip-prefix {
              type inet:ip-prefix;
              description "An IP prefix";
          case mpls-label {
            leaf incoming-label {
              type rt-types:mpls-label;
              description "label value on the incoming packet";
        leaf incoming-interface {
          type if:interface-ref;
            "Optional incoming interface if FEC is restricted
             to traffic incoming on a specific interface";

  grouping out-segment {
    description "Out-segment grouping";
    container out-segment {
      description "MPLS outgoing segment";
      choice out-segment {
        description "The MPLS out-segment type choice";
        case nhlfe-single {
          container nhlfe-single {
            description "Container for single NHLFE entry";
            uses mpls:nhlfe-single-contents;
            leaf outgoing-interface {
              type if:interface-ref;
                "The outgoing interface";
        case nhlfe-multiple {
          container nhlfe-multiple {
            description "Container for multiple NHLFE entries";
            list nhlfe {
              key index;
              description "MPLS NHLFE entry";
              uses mpls:nhlfe-multiple-contents;
              leaf outgoing-interface {
                type if:interface-ref;
                  "The outgoing interface";

  augment "/rt:routing/mpls:mpls" {
    description "Augmentations for MPLS Static LSPs";
    container static-lsps {
        "Statically configured LSPs, without dynamic signaling";
      list static-lsp {
        key name;
        description "list of defined static LSPs";
        leaf name {
          type string;
          description "name to identify the LSP";
        leaf operation {
          type mpls:mpls-operations-type;
            "The MPLS operation to be executed on the incoming
        uses in-segment;
        uses out-segment;


3. IANA Considerations

This document registers the following URIs in the IETF XML registry [RFC3688]. Following the format in [RFC3688], the following registration is requested to be made.

   URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-mpls-static
   Registrant Contact: The MPLS WG of the IETF.
   XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

This document registers two YANG modules in the YANG Module Names registry [RFC6020].

   name:       ietf-mpls-static
   namespace:  urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-mpls-static
   prefix:     ietf-mpls-static
   // RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with RFC number and remove this note
   reference:  RFCXXXX

4. Security Considerations

The YANG modules specified in this document define schemas for data that is designed to be accessed via network management protocols such as NETCONF [RFC6241] or RESTCONF [RFC8040]. The lowest NETCONF layer is the secure transport layer, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is Secure Shell (SSH) [RFC6242]. The lowest RESTCONF layer is HTTPS, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is TLS {!RFC8446}}.

The NETCONF access control model [RFC8341] provides the means to restrict access for particular NETCONF or RESTCONF users to a preconfigured subset of all available NETCONF or RESTCONF protocol operations and content.

All nodes defined in this YANG module that are writable/creatable/deletable (i.e., config true, which is the default) may be considered sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments. Write operations (e.g., edit-config) to these data nodes without proper protection can have a negative effect on network operations. These are the subtrees and data nodes and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

o /ietf-routing:routing/ietf-mpls:mpls:/ietf-mpls:static-lsps: This entire subtree is related to security.

An administrator needs to restrict write access to all configurable objects within this data model.

5. Contributors

   Himanshu Shah

   Kamran Raza
   Cisco Systems, Inc.

6. References

6.1. Normative References

Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, , <>.
Rosen, E., Viswanathan, A., and R. Callon, "Multiprotocol Label Switching Architecture", RFC 3031, DOI 10.17487/RFC3031, , <>.
Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, , <>.
Bjorklund, M., Ed., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020, DOI 10.17487/RFC6020, , <>.
Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, , <>.
Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, , <>.
Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., "Common YANG Data Types", RFC 6991, DOI 10.17487/RFC6991, , <>.
Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language", RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, , <>.
Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, , <>.
Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, , <>.
Liu, X., Qu, Y., Lindem, A., Hopps, C., and L. Berger, "Common YANG Data Types for the Routing Area", RFC 8294, DOI 10.17487/RFC8294, , <>.
Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration Access Control Model", STD 91, RFC 8341, DOI 10.17487/RFC8341, , <>.
Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for Interface Management", RFC 8343, DOI 10.17487/RFC8343, , <>.
Lhotka, L., Lindem, A., and Y. Qu, "A YANG Data Model for Routing Management (NMDA Version)", RFC 8349, DOI 10.17487/RFC8349, , <>.
Saad, T., Raza, K., Gandhi, R., Liu, X., and V. Beeram, "A YANG Data Model for MPLS Base", RFC 8960, DOI 10.17487/RFC8960, , <>.

6.2. Informative References

Bjorklund, M. and L. Berger, Ed., "YANG Tree Diagrams", BCP 215, RFC 8340, DOI 10.17487/RFC8340, , <>.

Authors' Addresses

Tarek Saad
Cisco Systems Inc
Rakesh Gandhi
Cisco Systems, Inc.
Xufeng Liu
Volta Networks
Vishnu Pavan Beeram
Juniper Networks
Igor Bryskin